Categories of Engineering Institutions
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Categories of engineering institutions
The Engineering profession has a rich and growing tradition in Nigeria. Associations and professional bodies in the field of engineering are useful for the professional self-development of engineers.Such organizations in addition provide opportunities for networking with other members of the profession.
This new flexible work-based route enables working engineers to gain the necessary academic qualifications and develop the required competence for professional qualification without needing toleave employment.
Types of Engineering Institutions In Nigeria
There are two (2) types of categories of engineering institution in Nigeria, they are as follow:
(1) Regulatory Bodies and
(2) Technical Societies
1. Regulatory Bodies
Regulatory bodies are the bodies charged with the responsibilities ofregulating the conduct and practice of a given profession.
They are known as councils and have legal backing for their establishment and functions.
The council for any given professional body is responsible for registration,monitoring of standard of training and practice, and maintenance of Code of Conduct and ethics of the profession amongst its members.
The engineering profession in Nigeria is under a regulatory body the Highest Engineering Council in Nigeria,”Council for the Regulation of Engineering Practice in Nigeria” (COREN).
It was established by Decree No.55 of 1970,as amended by Decree 27 of 1992, which stated that there shall be established on the coming into force of this Decree, a body to be known as the council of Registered Engineers of Nigeria (hereafter in the Decree referred to as “the council”) which shall be a body corporate by the name aforesaid and be charged with the general duty of:
(a). Determining who are engineers for the purpose of this Decree;
(b). Determining what standards of knowledge and skills are to attained by persons seeking to become registered as engineers and raising these standards from time as circumstances may permit;
(c). Securing in accordance with the provision of this Decree the establishment and maintenance of a register of persons entitled to practice as registered engineers and the publication from time to time of the lists of those persons;
(d). Performing the other functions conferred on the Council by this Decree;
(e). Regulating and controlling the practice of the engineering profession in all its aspects and ramifications, i.e. Engineering Regulation and Monitoring (ERM);
(f). Registration of Engineering Consultancy firms and
(g). Organizing and monitoring of the Supervised Industrial TrainingScheme in Engineering (SITSIE) in Nigeria.
Other responsibilities of the Council include; Registration of engineers, approval of courses, accreditation of institutions for engineering programmes and supervision of institution and examination leading to approved qualification and maintenance of professional discipline among others.
Composition of COREN Council
Subject to the provisions of the COREN Decrees,the council shall consist of the following members whose name must appear in the COREN Register:
- One person who shall be elected by the Council as President
- Four persons appointed to represent the Universities from Faculties of Engineering in rotation
- One person appointed to represent the Polytechnics in rotation
- One person appointed to represent the Technical Colleges in rotation
- Six persons appointed to represent the States of the Federation, including Federal Capital territory, Abuja in rotation
- Four persons to be nominated by the Minister (of Works and Housing) to represent the Ministry and other diverse engineering professional interests in Nigeria
- Six persons to represent the Nigerian Society of Engineers,NSE
- One person to represent registered Engineering Technologists
- One person to represent registered Engineering Technicians
- One person to represent registered Engineering Craftsmen
i. Itshall be the duty of the Council to appoint a fit person to be the registrar for the purposes of the Decree
ii. It shall be the duty of the registrar to prepare and maintain, in accordance with rules made by the council, a register of the names, addresses and approve qualifications and of such other particulars as may be specified, of all persons and Engineering Consulting Firms who are entitled in accordance with the provisions of the Decree to beregistered as registered Engineers and who apply in the specified manner to be so registered.
iii.The registers of Engineering personnel and Engineering Consulting Firm (in the Decree referred to as “the registers”) shall consist of five registers, one each for:
a. registered Engineers
b. registered Engineering Technologists
C. registered Engineering Technicians
d. registered Engineering Craftsmen;and
e. registered Engineering Consultancy Firms
Subject to the provisions, the council shall make rules with respect to the form and keeping of the register and the making of entries therein and in particular
a. regulating the making of applications for registration and providing for the evidence to be produced in support of application
It shall be the duty of the registrar:
a. to cause the register to be printed,published and put on sale to members of the public every two years; and
b. in each year after that in which a register is first published under paragraph (a) above,to cause to be printed, published and put on sale as aforesaid either a corrected edition of the register or a list of alterations made to the register since it was printed; and
C. to cause a print of each edition of the register and of each list of corrections to be deposited at the principal offices of the council;and it shall be the duty of the council to keep the register and list so deposited open at all reasonable times for inspection by members of the public
vi. A document purporting to be print of an edition of a register published under this section by authority of the registrar in the current year, or documents purporting to be prints of an edition of a register so published in a previous year and of a list of corrections to that edition so published in the current year,shall (without prejudice to any other mode of proof) be admissible in any proceedings as evidence that any person specified in the document, or the documents read together, as being fully provisionally registered is so registered, and that any person not so specified is not so registered.
Subject to section 11 and to rules made under section 4(4)of the Decree, a person shall be entitled to be fully registered under the Decree if:
a. he has attended a course of training approved by the council.
b. the course was conducted at an institution so approved, or partly at one such institution and partlyatanother or others
C. he holds a qualification so approved and
d. he holds a certificate of experience issued in pursuance of the Decree,and
e. he has completed a minimum of two years approved postgraduate training and has passed or is exempted from professional interview
f. he has completed his second year of industrial pupilage in an approved establishment
g. in the case of a craftsman, he has completed a minimum of two years working experience in his trade and submits an acceptable certificate of experience
Subject as aforesaid, a person will also be entitled to be fully registered under the Decree if he satisfies the council
a. that he is of good character;and
b. that he holds a qualification granted outside Nigeria and for the time being accepted by the council for the purposes of this subsection as respects the engineering profession; and
C. that in the country in which the qualification was granted he was under no legal disability in the practice of engineering.
d. if the council so require, that he has had sufficient practical engineering experience, and the council shall from time to time publish in the Federal Gazette particulars of the qualifications for the time being accepted as aforesaid
2. Technical Societies.
Technical societies are basically concerned with education of members by means of promotion and exchange of technical information through various research activities of members or organs of the society known as Divisions,Units and Branches.
The only professional engineering society recognize in Nigeria is the Nigerian Society of Engineers (NSE). Others are divisions of the NSE which in addition provide opportunities for networking with other members of the profession.
Nigerian Society of Engineers (NSE)
The Nigerian Society of Engineers (NSE) was established in 1958 with the primary objective of providing a rallying forum for Nigerian Engineers to address the problem of colonial marginalization for an increased participation in the policy formulation and physical development of our fatherland.
Since then, the Nigerian engineer has recorded tremendous achievements in the areas of science, engineering,and technology.
Unfortunately, the Nigerian engineer has had to cope with a very hostile environment occasioned by the invasion of the engineering profession by quacks and impostors of sorts.
This has resulted in very poor standard job, numerous abandoned projects everywhere, structural failures, fires and outright collapses.
The unfortunate consequences have led to a colossal waste of human and material resources and a terribly battered image and morale of the Nigerian engineer.
The devastating effect of this state of affairs has slowed down the progress of a young country in a hurry to develop quickly and this has attracted the attention of Government.
Thus, the Engineers (Registration,etc) Decree 55 (1970)was promulgated.
Unfortunately,the registration of engineers alone could not stop the continuing bastardization of the engineering profession by quacks and attendant consequences.
Thus,through further hard work and representations of the Nigerian Society of Engineers the amended Decree 27 (1992) was promulgated by which the Council for Registration of Engineers in Nigeria(COREN) was now renamed the Council for the Regulation of Engineering in Nigeria with full powers of register control, monitor and enforce compliance.
Divisions of the Nigerian Society of Engineers
There are various divisions approved by COREN that operate under the umbrella ofthe NSE.These include the following:
(i) Nigerian Institution of Mechanical Engineers(NIMEchE),
(ii) Nigerian Institution of Electrical Electronics Engineers (NIEEE),
(iii) Nigerian Institution of Civil Engineers (NICE〕,
(iv) Nigerian Institution of Agricultural Engineers (NIAE),
(v) Association of Professional Women Engineers (APWE),
(vi) Nigerian Society of Chemical Engineers (NSChE),
(vii) Nigerian Institution of Structural Engineers(NIStruct.E),
(viii) Marine Engineering and Naval Architecture (MENA),
(ix) Institute of Appraisal and Cost Engineering(IACE),
(x) National Association of Technologist Engineering(NATE),
(xi) Nigerian Society of Engineering Technicians (NISET),
(xii) National Association of Engineering Craftsmen (NAEC).
(xiii) Nigerian Association for Petroleum Engineers (NAPE),
(xiv) Nigerian Association for Environmental Engineers(NAEE),
(XV) Nigerian Association for Aeronautical Engineers(NAAE),
(xvi). Nigerian Association for Marine Engineers (NAME],
(xvii). Nigerian Association for Geotechnical Engineers (NAGE),
(xviii). Nigerian Association for Industrial Engineers (NAIE),
(xix). Nigerian Institution for Metallurgical and Mining Engineers (NIMME),
All of the above Divisions, Units and Branches have their own objectives adopted from the general objectives of the Nigerian Society of Engineers (NSE).
Also read: MEC 311 Engineer in Society pdf