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WAEC CRS Essay and Objective Answers 2023
In James 1:5-6, it is advised to ask God for wisdom with faith, believing that He will provide it. The passage states, “If any of you lacks wisdom, you should ask God, who gives generously to all without finding fault, and it will be given to you. But when you ask, you must believe and not doubt.”
James encouraged believers to pray in faith, trusting that God will answer their prayers. In James 1:6, it states, “But when you ask, you must believe and not doubt, because the one who doubts is like a wave of the sea, blown and tossed by the wind.”
James emphasizes the importance of having pure motives when praying. It warns against praying selfishly or with wrong intentions, saying, “When you ask, you do not receive, because you ask with wrong motives, that you may spend what you get on your pleasures.”
James also urged Christians to confess their sins to one another and pray for each other, emphasizing the importance of seeking forgiveness and reconciliation. It states, “Therefore confess your sins to each other and pray for each other so that you may be healed. The prayer of a righteous person is powerful and effective.”
He highlighted the significance of approaching God with humility. In James 4:10, it states, “Humble yourselves before the Lord, and he will lift you up.”
James encouraged believers to be persistent in their prayers. In James 5:16, it mentions the effective prayer of Elijah, who “prayed earnestly that it would not rain, and it did not rain on the land for three and a half years.”
(PICK ANY FOUR)
(i) Doubt or lack of belief in the power of prayer can hinder its effectiveness.
(ii) Holding grudges or harboring feelings of resentment towards others
(iii) Praying solely for personal gain or with selfish intentions
(iv) Unconfessed sins
(v) Lack of dedication
(vi) Praying for something that goes against the greater plan or purpose of GOD
(vii) Prideful or arrogant attitude
After Jesus was baptized by John the Baptist, He was led by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil.
In the wilderness, Jesus fasted for forty days and nights. During this time, Satan came to Him and tempted Him three times. First, Satan tempted Jesus to turn stones into bread, appealing to His physical hunger. Jesus responded by quoting Scripture, saying, “Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceeds out of the mouth of God.”
Next, Satan took Jesus to the pinnacle of the temple and tempted Him to throw Himself down, challenging Jesus to test God’s protection. Again, Jesus quoted Scripture, saying, “You shall not put the Lord your God to the test.”
Finally, Satan took Jesus to a high mountain and showed Him all the kingdoms of the world, offering to give them to Him if Jesus would worship him. Jesus rebuked Satan, saying, “Get behind me, Satan! For it is written, ‘You shall worship the Lord your God and him only shall you serve.’
(PICK ANY THREE)
(i) Christians can learn the importance of knowing and studying the Bible, as it equips them to recognize and overcome temptations.
(ii) Christians can learn that it is not appropriate to deliberately put ourselves in dangerous situations, expecting God to rescue us miraculously. Instead, we should exercise wisdom, discernment, and faith, trusting in God’s guidance and providence.
(iii) Christians can learn that their allegiance should be exclusively directed towards God. They should not be swayed by worldly temptations or false idols but should devote their worship and service to the one true God.
(iv) Christians should actively cultivate their relationship with God through prayer, study of the Scriptures, and reliance on the Holy Spirit, equipping themselves to resist and overcome the schemes of the enemy.
(v) Christians can learn the lesson of exercising self-control and resisting the temptation to seek quick fixes or temporary pleasures that contradict God’s will.
In the golden era of King Solomon’s reign, the land of Israel thrived under his wise and just rule. Recognizing the importance of diplomatic relations, Solomon sought to establish a strong alliance with the powerful city-state of Tyre. Their collaboration played a pivotal role in the construction of the grand Temple.
King Solomon shared his divine vision with King Hiram, the ruler of Tyre—a vision to build a magnificent Temple that would honor God and serve as a beacon of faith for generations to come. Impressed by the depth of Solomon’s vision, King Hiram pledged his full support.
Tyre, renowned for its maritime expertise and thriving trade, possessed abundant resources and skilled craftsmen. King Hiram ordered the felling of the finest cedars from the forests of Lebanon, known for their majestic trees. These tall and sturdy cedars were transported by sea to provide the foundation for the Temple’s construction.
Additionally, Tyre’s skilled craftsmen, led by the renowned Huram-abi, joined forces with the Israelite artisans. Together, they brought Solomon’s vision to life, meticulously crafting the intricate architectural elements of the Temple. The exchange of knowledge and expertise between Tyre and Israel enriched the project, resulting in a structure of unparalleled beauty.
The alliance between Tyre and Israel went beyond the construction itself. Trade flourished between the two kingdoms, as goods and services flowed freely. This economic cooperation ensured the availability of necessary resources and financial support for the Temple’s progress.
The culmination of their collaboration was the completion of the Temple—a testament to the unity and cooperation between Tyre and Israel. It stood as a physical embodiment of their shared values, faith, and devotion to God. The Temple became a place of worship and a symbol of divine presence, radiating splendor and inspiring awe.
The story of Tyre and Israel’s collaboration in the building of the Temple teaches us the power of unity, shared resources, and collective vision. It highlights the importance of forging strong alliances and fostering cooperation for the greater good. Through their joint efforts, Tyre and Israel demonstrated how a shared purpose can lead to remarkable achievements that transcend boundaries and endure through generations.
(PICK ANY TWO)
(i) Diplomatic relations provide a platform for dialogue and negotiations, enabling nations to resolve conflicts peacefully.
(ii) It facilitates economic cooperation between nations such as engaging countries in trade agreements, investment partnerships, and economic collaborations which foster economic growth, create employment opportunities, and enhance prosperity by promoting the exchange of goods, services, and knowledge.
(iii) It fosters cultural exchange and understanding among nations.
(iv) Diplomatic relations enable countries to collaborate on security and defense issues which helps address common security challenges, promoting stability and safeguarding national interests.
(v) Diplomatic relations allow nations to address global challenges collectively
According to the Bible, the events that unfolded in Judah after the death of King Josiah and led to the first deportation of the Jews are described in the books of 2 Kings, 2 Chronicles, and the writings of the prophet Jeremiah.
After the righteous reign of King Josiah, his son Jehoahaz became king. However, he did evil in the sight of the Lord, and Pharaoh Neco of Egypt deposed him after only three months, placing Jehoahaz’s brother Jehoiakim on the throne.
Jehoiakim, unlike his father, turned away from the ways of God. He embraced idolatry and led the people of Judah into wickedness. He defied the commands of God and rejected the prophet Jeremiah’s warnings of impending judgment.
During Jehoiakim’s reign, the Babylonian Empire, under the rule of King Nebuchadnezzar, rose to power. Jehoiakim initially served as a vassal king to Babylon, paying tribute to maintain his position.
However, Jehoiakim eventually rebelled against Babylonian rule. As a result, Nebuchadnezzar sent Chaldean, Aramean, Moabite, and Ammonite troops to invade Judah. Jerusalem was besieged, and Jehoiakim died during the conflict.
Jehoiakim’s son, Jehoiachin, succeeded him as king but reigned for only three months and ten days before he too was captured by Nebuchadnezzar’s forces. Along with many of the leading citizens, Jehoiachin was taken into exile in Babylon.
This marked the first deportation of the Jews, as thousands of captives from Judah were carried away to Babylon, including royal family members, skilled artisans, and military personnel. The treasures of the Temple in Jerusalem were also plundered and taken to Babylon.
These events fulfilled the prophecies of Jeremiah, who had warned of the coming judgment and captivity of Judah due to their disobedience and idolatry. The exile in Babylon would last for seventy years, as God had foretold through the prophet Jeremiah.
(PICK ANY FOUR)
(i) High levels of economic inequality, where a significant portion of the population faces poverty, unemployment, or lack of basic resources, can lead to social tensions and unrest.
(ii) Widespread corruption, lack of transparency, and abuse of power by government officials can erode public trust and lead to civil unrest.
(iii) Deep-seated divisions based on ethnicity, religion, or race can escalate into civil unrest if not addressed properly.
(iv) Violations of human rights, such as police brutality, extrajudicial killings, or arbitrary detentions, can ignite widespread anger and fuel civil unrest.
(v) Weak or unstable governance structures, frequent changes in leadership, or ineffective governance can create an environment for civil unrest.
(vi) Severe economic downturns, high unemployment rates, or economic crises can significantly contribute to civil unrest.
(vii) Inadequate access to basic services, such as healthcare, education, clean water, or sanitation, can generate public dissatisfaction and unrest.
In the early days of the Christian Church, there was a strong emphasis on communal living and the sharing of possessions among believers. The followers of Jesus in Jerusalem voluntarily sold their properties and donated the proceeds to support the community’s needs.
Ananias and his wife, Sapphira, were among those who had sold a piece of property. However, they conspired together to withhold a portion of the money for themselves while pretending to give the full amount to the apostles.
Ananias, with full knowledge of their deceitful plan, presented the partial proceeds from the sale as the complete amount before the apostle Peter. He claimed that they were giving the entire sum while concealing the fact that they had kept some for themselves.
Peter, under the guidance of the Holy Spirit, saw through their deception and confronted Ananias. He asked why Satan had filled his heart, highlighting that Ananias had lied not to men but to God Himself.
Upon hearing Peter’s words, Ananias fell down and died instantly. The swift and dramatic nature of his death was seen as a divine judgment on his deceitful actions and a warning to the early Christian community.
After an interval of about three hours, Sapphira, unaware of her husband’s fate, arrived separately. Peter questioned her about the price they received for the property, testing her honesty.
Sapphira affirmed the false amount previously declared by her husband. Peter then rebuked her, revealing the knowledge of her conspiracy and the gravity of their sin.
Just as with Ananias, Sapphira fell down and died upon hearing Peter’s words. Her sudden death served as a divine judgment, further emphasizing the seriousness of their deception and the importance of honesty within the early Christian community.
The deaths of Ananias and Sapphira caused great fear and awe among the believers and those who witnessed these events. The incident served as a powerful lesson about the importance of integrity, sincerity, and truthfulness in their dealings with God and the community.
(PICK ANY FOUR ONLY)
(i) Honesty and Integrity: Ananias and Sapphira’s downfall came from their dishonesty and deception. The church today should emphasize the importance of honesty and integrity in all aspects of life, including financial dealings, relationships, and communication. Believers should strive to be transparent and truthful, avoiding hypocrisy and deceit.
(ii) Sincerity in Worship: Ananias and Sapphira pretended to offer their possessions as a wholehearted act of devotion, but in reality, they were motivated by personal gain and recognition. The church should encourage sincere worship, reminding its members that God looks beyond outward appearances and desires genuine love and dedication.
(iii) Accountability and Transparency: The incident involving Ananias and Sapphira underscores the importance of accountability within the church. Believers should be accountable to one another, fostering an environment of trust and openness. Transparency in financial matters, decision-making, and personal conduct helps to prevent deceit and ensures the proper stewardship of resources.
(iv) Fear of God: The severe consequences faced by Ananias and Sapphira serve as a reminder of the fear of God. While God is loving and forgiving, He also expects reverence and obedience. The church should emphasize the holiness and justice of God, reminding its members of the consequences of deliberate sin and the need for repentance.
(v) Community and Sharing: The early Christian community practiced communal living and selfless sharing of possessions. However, Ananias and Sapphira’s deception challenged the trust and unity within the community. The church today should encourage generosity and sacrificial giving, but it should also emphasize the importance of doing so with a pure heart and without selfish motives.
(vi) Discernment and Spiritual Discernment: The apostle Peter demonstrated spiritual discernment by recognizing the deceit in Ananias and Sapphira’s actions. The church today should cultivate a spirit of discernment, seeking the guidance of the Holy Spirit in making judgments and decisions.